Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2016)
Review on â€“ Herbal drug treatment on Ebola virus
Sonawane Yogesh, Jadhav Amol, Tiwari Rakeshkumar, Sarode Chetan
Ebola haemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is a severe, often-fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) that has appeared sporadically since its initial recognition in 1976. The disease is caused by infection with Ebola virus, which was first discovered in Africa. Ebola haemorrhagic fever is fatal in between 50-90% of cases. No specific treatment or vaccine has yet been developed It is important to reduce contact with high-risk animals (i.e. fruit bats, monkeys or apes) including not picking up dead animals found lying in the forest or handling their raw meat. The incubation period of Ebola virus disease ranges from 2 to 21 days. Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) testing, IgM ELISA, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and virus isolation can be used to diagnose a case of Ebola HF within a few days of the onset of symptoms. The chief Drug that is used in the symptomatic treatment of Ebola virus are: Belladonna, Arsenic, Nitric acid, Aconite, Gelsemium, Bryonia. Any cases of persons who are suspected to have the disease should be reported to the nearest health unit without delay. It is also important to control spread of the disease and infection control procedures need to be started immediately. They are frequently dehydrated and need intravenous fluids or oral rehydration with solutions that contain electrolytes. There is currently no specific treatment to cure the disease.
Pages: 47-51 | 2125 Views 184 Downloads
Sonawane Yogesh, Jadhav Amol, Tiwari Rakeshkumar, Sarode Chetan. Review on â€“ Herbal drug treatment on Ebola virus. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(2):47-51.