Neethu S Kumar, Arun S Nair, Anju M Nair, Megha Murali
Triphala (tri = three and phala = fruits), is an ayurvedic preparation composed of three equal proportions of herbal fruits native to the Indian subcontinent: viz. Terminalia chebula
, Phyllanthus emblica
, and Terminalia belerica
. Triphala is a tridoshic rasayana having a balancing and rejuvenating effect on the three constitutional elements that govern the human life. Triphala is rich in antioxidants, possess antibacterial, anti-viral and anti-cancer properties. Triphala is also known to cure cataract and effective in the treatment of Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Triphala is rich in polyphenols, Vitamin C and flavonoids. This review paper focuses on the therapeutic effect of triphala. Triphala is a polyherbal formulation and the mechanism of action of polyherbals/herbal drugs and their extracts differ in many respects from that of the synthetic drugs or single substances. In ayurvedic terms, triphala, used in moderation, is said to have a beneficial effect on all three doshasâ€”vata, pitta, and kapha. Triphala contains several compounds that have been proposed to be responsible for its claimed health benefits, including gallic acid, chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid etc. Triphala has a combination of both nutritional as well as blood and liver cleansing activities. It has little function as a demulcent or lubricating laxative. It possesses anthroquinones that help to stimulate bile flow and peristalsis. The nutritional aspect of triphala in the form of its high vitamin C content, presence of linoleic oil and other important nutrients make it more of a tonic. Triphala possess free radical scavenging, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, antibacterial, antimutagenic, wound healing, anti-cariogenic, antistress, adaptogenic, anti-diabetic, hypoglycaemic activity and so on. All these characters make â€œTriphalaâ€ one of the most valuable herbal preparations in the world.
Neethu S Kumar, Arun S Nair, Anju M Nair, Megha Murali. Pharmacological and therapeutic effects of triphala â€“ A literature review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(3):23-27.