Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2016)
Comparative phytochemical screening of ethanolic extracts (flower and leaf) of morphotypes of Hibiscus Rosa- sinensis Linn
Shilpi Patel and Madhavi Adhav
Linn. is one of the important medicinal as well as ornamental plant, belongs to family Malvaceae. It is commonly called Gurhal. The extracts (flower and leaves) are largely used in the treatment of various diseases. The phytochemical screening of ethanolic extracts of four Morphotypes of this plant species are known to containâ€“Flavonoids, glycosides, phytosterols, terpenoids, phenolic compound, carbohydrates, proteins, tannins, gum and mucilage. Alkaloids, saponins, fixed oil and fats were totally absent. Anthoquinone present in all flower extracts, but absent in all leaf extracts of morphotypes. The result showed that there were no differences in their phytochemical constituents. The presence of flavonoids, glycosides, phytosterols, terpenoids, phenolic compound and tannins are mainly contributed in the medicinal utility of the plant. Since, these constituents are common in all the four tested morphotypes, any one of them can be used as a substitute for others.
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Shilpi Patel and Madhavi Adhav. Comparative phytochemical screening of ethanolic extracts (flower and leaf) of morphotypes of Hibiscus Rosa- sinensis Linn. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(3):93-95.