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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2016)

Correlation and path analysis for grain yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Author(s):

Umesh

Abstract:

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a crucial legume crop known for its high nutritional value and adaptability to diverse agro-climatic conditions. Its significance lies in providing food security by serving as a staple food for millions of people globally. Understanding the factors that influence grain yield in chickpea is essential for enhancing productivity and meeting the growing demand. In this study, we conducted correlation and path analyses to explore the relationships between grain yield and its components in chickpea. We measured various traits, including 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height, and number of pods per plant, 100-seed weight, and grain yield in kg per hectare. The results revealed significant positive correlations between grain yield and several traits, such as days to maturity, plant height, number of pods per plant, and 100-seed weight. Furthermore, path analysis elucidated the direct and indirect effects of these traits on grain yield. Plant height, number of pods per plant, and 100-seed weight emerged as crucial factors with significant direct impacts on grain yield. Our findings provide valuable insights into the complex relationships governing chickpea grain yield, enabling targeted breeding and improved agronomic practices to enhance productivity and food security. These results contribute to the scientific knowledge base, empowering researchers and growers to optimize chickpea cultivation and ensure sustainable food production.

Pages: 470-474  |  219 Views  78 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Umesh. Correlation and path analysis for grain yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(6):470-474.

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