Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2016)
Preliminary phytochemical, physicochemical and antimicrobial studies of Loranthus elasticus of Loranthaceae family
T Krishnaveni, R Valliappan, R Selvaraju and P Nagendra Prasad
Siddha system of medicine is a traditional system which constitutes medicinal plants and bhasmas (metal oxides) found mostly in south India especially in Tamil Nadu. Siddhars (Priests with traditional knowledge) very enlightened souls, had reputation to treat several diseases. This system is almost identified with the Tamil literature and has its own distinct tradition and cultural heritage. The term AYUSH means Ayurvedha, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) which is the name of the Union Government Health department and incidentally AYUSH also means longevity of life. In the traditional system as well as in the modern systems of medicine the plant Azadirachta indica
(Neem tree) used as a medicine for various ailments prepared from different parts of the plant tree. Parasitic plants or Mistletoes are common in various kinds of plants or trees which are belonging to the family Loranthaceae
. Many parasitic plants are used as medicine in various parts of the world. In India also the plants grown in the mango tree and lime tree also used as medicine. Based on the available literature, the Loranthus plant grown on the neem tree (in Tamil called as Veppa Maram) was chosen for the study. The Loranthus elasticus
plant of Loranthaceae
grown on the neem tree (Azadirachta indica
Linn) was collected, dried and powdered and was subjected to successive Soxhlet extraction with different solvents and finally macerated with water so as to get respective extracts. The preliminary phytochemical screening was done and physicochemical analysis was also carried out. The plant extract is subjected to preliminary antimicrobial studies such as antibacterial and antifungal studies were carried out and their results are discussed.
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T Krishnaveni, R Valliappan, R Selvaraju and P Nagendra Prasad. Preliminary phytochemical, physicochemical and antimicrobial studies of Loranthus elasticus of Loranthaceae family. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2016;5(6):07-11.