Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 6, Issue 1 (2017)
The significance of opium alkaloids in the classification of Papaveraceae in Iraq
Ula M. Noor Almousawi and Abdulrida A Alwan
The Papaveraceae family includes over 40 genera and 760 species in the world, of that 5 genera, namely Papaver
L. with 15 species, Glaucium
Mill with 5 species, Hypecoum L.
with 3 species, Roemeria
Medic with 2 species and Eschscholzia
Cham with one cultivated species occur in Iraq. Opium alkaloids of 14 species of Papaveraceae in addition to two species of Fumaria
L. were chemically studied using High Performance liquid Chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Five opium alkaloids, Morphine, Codeine, Thebaine, Papaverine and Noscapine were significantly detected and variably distributed in the species. The highest concentration of opium alkaloids was Noscapine with 814.624 ppm in P. somniferum
while the lowest concentration was codeine with 66.978 ppm in the same species. Our results support maintaining Fumaria
in distinct family Fumariaceae.
Pages: 430-437 | 1317 Views 145 Downloads
Ula M. Noor Almousawi and Abdulrida A Alwan. The significance of opium alkaloids in the classification of Papaveraceae in Iraq. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2017;6(1):430-437.