Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)
Studies on crop diversification to provide nutritional security in Odisha
SN Mishra, SP Mishra and MM Hossain
Agricultural intervention and farming systems research in India has been largely focussed on enhancing production, productivity and profitability of crop, animal and fisheries resources without much emphasis on better nutritional outcomes which is now a mandate for farm and non-farm families to be in nutritional security by their resource endowments and surrounding environment. The farmers in the study area were growing paddy based farming system followed by fruits and vegetables, livestock, fishery in each agro-climatic zone. Harfidahal Index indicated that the food items are diversified rather than specialized in each agro-climatic zone. Paddy was found to be the least diversified and the most specialized as its value was approaching 1. Fruits and vegetables are more diversified as its value was less than 0.5. Livestock and fishery were found to be the most diversified as its value was approaching 0. It was concluded that, people of Odisha can achieve nutritional security by different food based cropping system through improved agricultural production system, dietary diversification, income enhancement, greater nutritional awareness and changed behaviour patterns. Hence, it was suggested to go in for different food based cropping system in different problematic region in order to overcome malnutrition and to achieve nutritional security.
Pages: 105-110 | 1955 Views 443 Downloads
SN Mishra, SP Mishra and MM Hossain. Studies on crop diversification to provide nutritional security in Odisha. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):105-110.