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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)

Breeding approaches for abiotic stress management in vegetable crops

Author(s):

Labiba Riyaz Shah, Anil Sharma, Janeesa Nabi and Jagdeesh Prasad Rathore

Abstract:
Vegetables are generally sensitive to environmental extremes, and thus high temperatures and limited soil moisture are the major causes of low yields in the tropics and will be further magnified by climate change. The response of plants to environmental stresses depends on the plant developmental stage and the length and severity of the stress. Plants may respond similarly to avoid one or more stresses through morphological or biochemical mechanisms. Plant breeders need to translate these findings into stress-tolerant crop varieties by using all tools available that include germplasm screening, marker-assisted selection, plant transformation, and conventional breeding methods. Molecular biology and genomic investigations lead to a better understanding of the structural organization and functional properties of genetic variation for stress-related traits, allow gene-based selection through identification of molecular markers and high-throughput genotyping techniques, and increase the gene pool available, including new sources of stress-tolerant traits or transgenes. The genetically complex responses to abiotic stresses are multigenic and thus more difficult to control and engineer. Plant engineering strategies for abiotic stress tolerance rely on the expression of genes that are involved in signaling and regulatory pathways or genes that encode proteins conferring stress tolerance or enzymes present in pathways leading to the synthesis of functional and structural metabolites.

Pages: 1023-1028  |  2607 Views  1440 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Labiba Riyaz Shah, Anil Sharma, Janeesa Nabi and Jagdeesh Prasad Rathore. Breeding approaches for abiotic stress management in vegetable crops. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):1023-1028.

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