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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)

Evalution of physiological characteristics, nutritional composition and anti-nutritional factors of kodo mil let (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.).Germplasm grown in eastern U.P.

Author(s):

Radhey Shyam and RP Singh

Abstract:
The present study was conducted to evalutate ten advanced germplasm of kodo millet for physiological traits, nutritional composition and anti-nutritional factors during khrif season 2014-15 at the students Instructional Farm of Narendra Deva University Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj Faizabad (U.P.) India. A significant variation was detected for all traits suggested that there was considerable variability among germplasm. Moisture content of kodo millet seed was observed in the range 7.25 to 10.03 percent. The yield/ear of kodo millet germplasm was found in the range of 12.24 to 15.82 q/h. The test weight in various germplasm was found in the range of 3.39 to 5.19 g seed. The protein content was recorded in the range of 8.56 to 9.44 per cent Maximum protein content was recorded in the germplasm K-6 (9.44%) followed by K-10 (8.90%) The total free Amino Acid content was recorded in the range of 62.01 to 72.62 mg/100g. Maximum total free amino acid content was recorded in the germplasm k-6 (72.62 mg/100g). Amino acids namely methionine was recorded (72.79 to 94.34 mg/g), Trypto Phane found in range (25.55 to 33.27 mg/g) and lysine was recorded (135.17 to 179.17 mg/g). And total mineral was recorded in germplasm k-10 (3.31%). Highst curde fiber content was recorded in germplasm k-8(8.73%) and total carbohydrate content was found between ranged 63.25 to 65.28% and maximum carbohydrate found in germplasm K-5 (65.28%). The reducing sugar was found in the range (1.27 to 1.72%) and non-reducing sugar was recorded between (1.02 to 2.65%). followed by germplasm K-7 (2.21%). Total sugar content was found in the range of 2.41 to 3.92%. Maximum total sugar was observed in the germplasm K-4 (3.92%). The anti-nutritional content such as tannin was found in the range of 106.38 to 124.75 (mg/100g). Phytic acid 126.38 to 136.58 (mg/100g) and total phenol 18.83 to 21.83 (mg/100g). Minimum tannin content (109.85 mg/100g) was found in germplasm K-6.while lowest in germplasm KK-1. Minimum phytic acid (126.91 mg/100g) was found in germplasm K-6. While lowest in germplasm KK-1. Minimum total phenol content (19.50 mg/100g) was found in germplasm K-10. While lowest found in germplasm K-6. On the basis of overall germplasm were found superior K-4, K-5, and K-6, K-8, K-9 and k-10 and utilized in further research work

Pages: 1541-1545  |  1030 Views  331 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Radhey Shyam and RP Singh. Evalution of physiological characteristics, nutritional composition and anti-nutritional factors of kodo mil let (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.).Germplasm grown in eastern U.P.. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):1541-1545.

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