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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)

Performance of forage pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) as affected by nitrogen levels and weed management practices

Author(s):

Sunita Choudhary, Neelam K Chopra and NK Chopra

Abstract:
A field experiment was carried out during Kharif 2015 at ICAR-NDRI, Karnal to assess the levels of nitrogen and weed management practices on seed yield and weed flora of pearlmillet. The experiment was conducted in split plot design consisting of four nitrogen levels (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg N ha-1) and six weed management practices with three replications. The pre-emergence (PE) herbicides viz. atrazine and pendimethalin were combined either with hand weeding (HW) or with post-emergence (POE) herbicide halosulfuron to evolve the integrated crop management strategies. The major weed flora at experiment site was reported viz., Digera arvensis, Cyperus rotundus, Commelina benghalensis, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Trienthema monogyana and Echinochloa colonum. The result indicated that nitrogen levels significantly improved yield attributes and seed yield viz. number of spikes plant-1, spike length, seed weight spike-1, seed, green and dry fodder yield and lower the total weed density and weed dry weight over control. All the weed management practise significantly enhanced yield and yield attributes over weedy check. Among the weed management practise weed free, pendimethalin (PE) fb 1 HW at 25 DAS, atrazine (PE) fb 1 HW at 25 DAS, pendimethalin (PE) fb halosulfuron (POE) at 25 DAS and atrazine (PE) fb 1 HW at 25 DAS showed lower weed population and weed dry weight and weed index and higher weed control efficiency, herbicide efficiency index, crop resistance index and weed management index. Application of pendimethalin (PE) fb halosulfuron (POE) at 25 DAS and atrazine (PE) fb halosulfuron (POE) at 25 DAS recorded significantly lower number of Cyperus rotundus than all other weed management practise except weed free treatment whereas, pendimethalin (PE) fb 1 HW at 25 DAS, atrazine (PE) fb 1 HW at 25 DAS effectively controlled broadleaf weeds

Pages: 1560-1564  |  1113 Views  394 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Sunita Choudhary, Neelam K Chopra and NK Chopra. Performance of forage pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) as affected by nitrogen levels and weed management practices. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):1560-1564.

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