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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)

Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical assessment and antioxidant activity of selected green leafy vegetables of Assam

Author(s):

Sushmita Khatoniar, Mridula Saikia Barooah and Ishwar Chandra Baruah

Abstract:
Plant foods contain many bioactive compounds in addition to those which are traditionally considered as nutrients, also known as phytochemicals. North-East India is blessed with varying climates and natural surroundings and home of numerous herbs and medicinal plants. Present study was conducted to assess phytochemical and antioxidant activity of 12 commonly grown plants of Assam. Preliminary phytochemical screening reveal that Chenopodium album, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Phyllanthus amarus, Polygonum microcephalum and Pogostemon benghalensis showed positive results for the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, saponin, tannin and glycosides. Quantitative assessment revealed that these plants are rich in phenols and flavonoids. The DPPH free radical scavenging activities (% inhibition) of the selected green leafy vegetables were in the range of 18.64-69.34%. Hibiscus sabdariffa was having the highest inhibition percentage (69.34%) whereas Spinacia oleracea having the lowest value (18.64%). Amaranthus spinosus (62.64%), Chenopodium album (61.04%), Diplazium esculentum (58.43%) and Pogostemon benghalensis (64.27%) also showed higher DPPH free radical scavenging activities.

Pages: 1762-1765  |  1348 Views  551 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Sushmita Khatoniar, Mridula Saikia Barooah and Ishwar Chandra Baruah. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical assessment and antioxidant activity of selected green leafy vegetables of Assam. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):1762-1765.

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