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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Issue 3 (2018)

Assessment of genetic diversity of two populations of catfish Clarias batrachus L. using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

Author(s):

Mohd. Danish and IJ Singh

Abstract:
Studies were undertaken to identify genetic relationship and diversity of Clarias batrachus L. populations collected from hatchery and wild stocks through random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). 16 decamer primers were used for screening, out of which five produced amplicons. A total of 1376 RAPD bands ranging from 0.2 to 1.36 kb were amplified using five selected primers. The number of amplification products produced by a primer ranged from as low as three to a maximum of 18, with an average of 16 bands per primer. 8.1 to 13.71 polymorphic bands per primer were amplified. The polymorphic bands in these populations ranged from 56.4 to 59.6%. Polymorphic bands per lane within populations ranged from 4.88 to 5.3%. The similarity within the population from wild varied from 0.40 to 0.83 with a mean ± SE of 0.57 ± 0.08. The Jaccard’s similarity coefficient ranged from 0 to 0.27. At 0.06 similarity coefficient, two major clusters were formed, which indicates that the genotypes belonging to same clusters were genetically similar and those belonging to different clusters were dissimilar. Significant (P< 0.05) population differentiation indicated some degree of intra- and inters- population genetic variations in two populations of catfish. This might be due to difference in habitat and breeding strategies between the two populations.

Pages: 2345-2352  |  906 Views  328 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Mohd. Danish and IJ Singh. Assessment of genetic diversity of two populations of catfish Clarias batrachus L. using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3):2345-2352.

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