Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a complex endocrinopathy affecting 5 to 10% women of reproductive age worldwide. It has been reported in previous studies that PCOS affects quality of life and can worsen existing anxiety and depression either due to the features of PCOS or associated comorbidities.
Objective: 1) To find out Nutritional Status of PCOS population in Allahabad city. 2) To find out the association between Nutritional Status and Psychological Distress levels among PCOS sufferers.
Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional, hospital based, descriptive, case-control study, 150 PCOS Patients (Cases) were recruited from various Hospitals & 150 Controls were selected from various localities of Allahabad city. A self made questionnaire was used for data regarding Nutritional Status & Psychological Distress levels were assessed using the P.G.I Health Questionaire N1. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Ver. 20.0. Chi Square test was used to test the association between variables. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: The findings of the study revealed that macronutrient intake among concerned population were almost similar as reported in earlier studies while micronutrient intake were reported less in comparison with RDA. Overweight to Underweight population were reported more. However, Abdominal Obesity was reported in majority of cases. Major population were not having hyperglycaemia or NIDDM, Hypertension, NAFLD & Hypothyroidism as believed to be associated with PCOS, while cases had Anaemia and Bone Pain even more than the controls.
Conclusion: The research study revealed that most of the PCOS subjects having wide variation in Nutritional Status comes under moderate to severe neuroticism.
Richa Srivastava, Neeru Bala and Anisha Verma. Psychological distress levels & it’s relationship with nutritional status of polycystic ovarian syndrome population in Allahabad city. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):192-196.