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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 1 (2019)

Phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of Syzygium aromaticum: A review

Author(s):

K Kaur and S Kaushal

Abstract:
Syzygium aromaticum (Family Myrtaceace) commonly called clove is most important and second valuable spice in world trade and is widely cultivated in North Maluku Islands in Indonesia. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometery (GC-MS) studies of essential oil revealed the presence of eugenol as major compound. Phytochemical analysis of essential oil showed the presence of saponins, alkaloids, flavanoids, glycosides, tannins and steroids. The essential oil of S. aromaticum possess various biological activities such as antibacterial, antifungal, herbicidal, nematicidal, antitumor and anti-inflammatory. This review covers the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of cloves, it’s essential oil and various extracts.

Pages: 398-406  |  4640 Views  2546 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
K Kaur and S Kaushal. Phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of Syzygium aromaticum: A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):398-406.

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