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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 1 (2019)

Livelihood problems and opportunities of farm families Ambala division of Haryana state

Author(s):

Saurabh Arya, Asha Batra and Arpit Arya

Abstract:
The present investigation entitled “Livelihood problems and opportunities of farm families Ambala Division of Haryana State” was conducted in Ambala division of Haryana state. Two districts viz. Ambala and Yamunanagar were selected randomly from Ambala division. One block from each district viz. Sadhora block from Ambala and Nareingarh block from Yamunanagar district were selected randomly. Two villages from each block viz. Rajpur and Nashera from Sadhora block, Sain Majra and Badi Ujjal from Nareingarh were selected randomly. Seventy five small and marginal farmers were selected randomly from each village and thus 300 farm families constitute the sample size for present study. Statistical tools like frequency, percentages, weighted mean score, ranking and co-relation coefficient were applied for data analysis. Sixteen independent variables and two dependent variables were selected for study purpose. Livelihood security index was medium level for almost all the security but the score for nutritional security was low among all of them. Major problems faced by the farm families of Ambala district related to government followed by climate change, agriculture, household and market respectively. Whereas major problems related to Yamunanagar district was related to market, climate change, government, agriculture and household respectively. Major opportunities perceived by farm families of both districts was same i.e related to household followed by community resources, farm practices and provided by government respectively. Human, social, natural, physical and financial capital were found to be positively and significantly co-related with age, family size, family education status, size of house, occupation, annual income, size of land, social participation and information source utilization. Same trends were observed in all types of security chosen for study purpose viz. food, nutritional, economic, shelter/water and sanitation, health, education security and access to institution.

Pages: 2461-2465  |  1013 Views  292 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Saurabh Arya, Asha Batra and Arpit Arya. Livelihood problems and opportunities of farm families Ambala division of Haryana state. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):2461-2465.

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