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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 1 (2019)

Pharmaceutical importance, physico-chemical analysis and utilisation of Indian sandalwood (Santalum album Linn.) seed oil

Author(s):

G Ravi Kumar, BS Chandrashekar, M Srinivasa Rao, Mamata Ravindra, KT Chandrashekar and V Soundararajan

Abstract:
The Santalum album L. of genus Santalum and oil obtained from has got more commercial value than other species in the world. Traditionally, sandalwood oil has unique stability, and provides perfume with its best fixative property. Sandalwood oil has antipyretic, antiseptic and diuretic properties. The oil has an important place in the indigenous system of medicine. Indian sandalwood tree is becoming endangered, and measures to sustain this valued bio resources, took prominence and flaws in policy which endangered the species were amended. Government of Karnataka promulgated an amendment to Karnataka Forest Act in 2001 to encourage private domestication of sandalwood as a means to conserve and enhance the status of this resource. With all these positive measures the private growers have taken up more farming of sandalwood and in continuation to this positive measures sandalwood seeds are also available in plenty and could be collected in huge quantities and presently these seed and oil obtained from it has limited use. On an average, the 3-5 year old plant could produce around 2-3 Kgs of sandalwood seeds and the matured trees of 8-10yrs of aged tree can produce around 4-6kgs of sandalwood seeds per tree. The seed index analysis experimented shows that on an average there are around 4000 -4500 number of seeds in one Kg and each seed weigh around 0.23gms. The average yield of oil is around 35-40%. The seed oil possesses diuretic, anti-tremorogenic, antiviral and hypotensive activities, lymphatic, treatment of skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, rash or other inflammation. Sandalwood Seed Oil is a rich source of a natural and highly stable, acetylenic fatty acid called Ximenynic Acid, with known pharmacological results with its anti-aging property. The physicochemical investigations and its pharmaceutical importance of seed oil extracted from 6 year old plant are attempted in this research work.

Pages: 2587-2592  |  759 Views  243 Downloads

How to cite this article:
G Ravi Kumar, BS Chandrashekar, M Srinivasa Rao, Mamata Ravindra, KT Chandrashekar and V Soundararajan. Pharmaceutical importance, physico-chemical analysis and utilisation of Indian sandalwood (Santalum album Linn.) seed oil. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):2587-2592.