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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 1 (2019)

Fruit cracking and quality of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Kandhari as influenced by CPPU and boron

Author(s):

Prativa Sahu and Narender Sharma

Abstract:
An investigation on pre-harvest spray of forchlorfenuron (CPPU) and boron along with some in-situ soil moisture conservation techniques was carried out on seven-year old plants of pomegranate cultivar Kandhari trained as four stems grown under rainfed conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Experimental plants were subjected to 11 treatments, viz., mulching, CBOC (crescent bund with open catchment pits), CPPU at 5 or 10 ppm, H 3 BO 3 at 0.2 or 0.4%, mulching + CPPU at 5 ppm or H 3 BO 3 at 0.2%, CBOC + CPPU at 5 ppm or H 3 BO 3 at 0.2% and control. These treatments were applied in mid-March (in-situ soil moisture conservation) and mid-May (CPPU & boron). Growth parameters like plant height, plant spread, trunk girth and annual shoot growth were observed significantly higher under the treatment CBOC + H 3 BO 3 at 0.2%. However, leaf area and leaf chlorophyll content were recorded significantly higher under the treatment CBOC + CPPU at 5 ppm. Physiological characteristics such as photosynthetic rate and transpiration rate were higher in the plant under crescent bund with open catchment pits. The extent of fruit cracking was reduced to the lowest level (2.8%) from 11.67% in control and highest fruit yield (26.8Kg/plant) was recorded when the plants were given foliar application of CPPU at 5 ppm under CBOC. The least russet formation (1.33 on 10 point scale) occurred in fruits from plants given the treatment of CPPU at 5ppm +CBOC. The maximum fruit length (86.2 cm) and fruit breadth (88.3 cm), fruit weight (419.74 g), aril weight (279.21 g), aril percentage (66.52), juice content (67.93 ml/100 g), ascorbic acid content (16.84 mg/100g) were obtained with the treatment of CPPU at 5ppm +CBOC. The lowest titratable acidity (0.49%), highest TSS (15.210 B) and TSS/acid ratio (31.07) was recorded in fruits from plants under the treatment of H 3 BO 3 at 0.2% with mulching. Total sugar, reducing sugar were recorded highest under the treatment H 3 BO 3 at 0.2% + CBOC and lowest in control.

Pages: 2644-2648  |  1271 Views  423 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Prativa Sahu and Narender Sharma. Fruit cracking and quality of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Kandhari as influenced by CPPU and boron. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):2644-2648.

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