Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 8, Issue 1 (2019)
Biodiversity of RIE campus: Plants with medicinal value
Sanjeeb K Das, Mahendra K Satapathy, Sidhanta S Bisoi and Rama C Mohanty
Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha located in the Khurda district of Odisha, India, stands between 20°12’N to20°25’N latitude and 85°44’E to 85°55’E longitude on the western fringe of the coastal plain across the main axis of the Eastern Ghats. Regional Institute of Education (RIE), a constituent unit of National Council of Educational Research and Training, New Delhi, established in 1963 with total geographic area of about 98.4 ac (407000 sq.mt.) stands in the heart of the capital city. About 60 percent of this institute’s geographical area is having wilderness. In search for medicinal plants in the wet season of 2018, about 111 plant species belong to 98 genera of 53 families having medicinal value were recorded from the campus. Due to over exploitation and loss of biodiversity, a number of medicinal plants were under serious threat. Of the plants recorded 10 1nd 101 species were found to belong to monocots and dicots respectively. Among dicot, Euphorbiaceae was the dominant family represented by 10 species. Similarly in monocot species, family Poaceae represented by 3 species were recorded. Paderia foetida
and Saraca asoca
fell into the Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET) group and are very effective against various diseases.
The genus Phyllanthus
was represented as by six species. With degradation of environment because of anthropogenic activities, due care needs to be taken to conserve the biodiversity especially plants having medicinal value for sustainable use.
Pages: 2717-2725 | 374 Views 62 Downloads
Sanjeeb K Das, Mahendra K Satapathy, Sidhanta S Bisoi and Rama C Mohanty. Biodiversity of RIE campus: Plants with medicinal value. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1):2717-2725.