The present investigation was carried out to study the soils physico-chemical properties of tamarind orchards soil of Latur during the year 2017-2018. The framed experiment was concentrated, to assess and find out the soil physico-chemical properties of tamarind orchards in Latur district, relation between physico-chemical properties and yield of sole and bunded crops and unfruitfulness of sole crops in tamarind orchards in Marathwada region. Twenty tamarind orchards of eight to thirty five years age planted at different spacing ranging from 8 x 8 m to 10 x 10 m with plant density of 100 to 150 plant ha-1
under varied management practices located in different tehsil’s of Latur district were selected for the experimentation. In Marathwada region, in sole planting soil, pH ranged from 7.65 to 8.95, Soils EC ranged in electrical conductivity from 0.345 to 0.952 dsm-1
and organic carbon of soils recorded ranged between 0.22 to 0.97 and in bund planting, soil pH ranges from 7.65 to 8.90, EC from 0.34 to 0.95 dsm-1
and OC from 0.25 to 0.97. The results showed that, out of 20 tamarind orchards studied 100 per cent orchards soils had alkaline pH with safe to normal EC. The OC of sole orchard, 30, 45 and 25 per cent orchards were low, medium and high, respectively and bund orchard, 40, 35 and 25 per cent low medium and high, respectively. The result showed that, these soil physic-chemical properties ranges are also beneficial to the fruitfulness of tamarinds. Hence, it can be concluded that, there is no effect of physico-chemical properties in unfruitfulness of sole orchard and fruitfulness of bund orchard in tamarind. It might be effect of shading in sole crops for unfruitfulness and in case of bund crop orchards it could get proper aeration and sunlight properly.