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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)

Toxicological, Pharmacological and Cellular properties of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.): A Review

Author(s):

M Viswanath, P Sridevi, BVK Bhagavan, K Ravindra Kumar and P Subbaramamma

Abstract:
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an ancient fruit that is widely consumed as fresh fruit and juice. The use of pomegranate fruit dates back from ancient times and reports of its therapeutic qualities have echoed throughout the ages. They also show inhibitory effects on invasion/motility, cell cycle, apoptosis, and vital enzymes such as cyclooxygenase (COX), lipooxygenase (LOX), cytochrome P450 (CYP450), phospholipase A2 (PLA2), ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), carbonic anhydrase (CA), 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSDs) and serine protease (SP). Furthermore, they can stimulate cell differentiation and possess anti-mutagenic effects. Pomegranate can also interfere with several signalling pathways including PI3K/AKT, mTOR, PI3K, Bcl-X, Bax, Bad, MAPK, ERK1/2, P38, JNK, and caspase. However, the exact mechanisms for its pharmacological and toxicological properties remain to be unclear and need further evaluation. These properties strongly suggest a wide range use of pomegranate for clinical applications. This review will discuss the areas for which pomegranate has shown therapeutic properties in different mechanisms.

Pages: 172-176  |  2073 Views  829 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
M Viswanath, P Sridevi, BVK Bhagavan, K Ravindra Kumar and P Subbaramamma. Toxicological, Pharmacological and Cellular properties of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.): A Review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(2):172-176.

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