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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)

Pollen compatibility investigations of exotic apple cultivars under hilly district of north Indian Himalayas

Author(s):

Bilal A Pandit, MS Wani, Shakeel Ahmad, Mumtaz A Ganie, T Rasool, Mir Shabir and Parmeet Singh

Abstract:
The present investigation entitled “Pollen Compatibility Studies of Some Exotic Apple Cultivars at High Altitudes of Kashmir Valley” conducted at “Advanced Centre for Horticulture Development Zainapora, Shopian” during 2012 and 2013. The experimental material (varieties) i.e. treatments were Gala Must, Royal Gala, Early Red One, Law Red Rome, Scarlet Spur, Oregon Spur, Braeburn, Ginger Gold, Red Gravenstein, Golden Delicious and Red Gold brought from Washington USA by state Horticulture Development Department without knowing their pollination status. In order to generate the valued information on intervarietal compatibility the research programme framed by Division of Fruit Science Faculty of Horticulture SKUAST-K Srinagar. Observations recorded to generate the valuable information that can serve as basis for intervarietal planting of apple varieties for betterment of horticultural industry under the valley conditions. Under planned hand pollination, the initial fruit set was highest 88.35, and 87.00 percent, and final 33.30%, and 34.41% in Red Gold cultivar. The lowest initial fruit set 65.77 and 67.71 percent and final fruit set (14.32 and 17.24%) observed in Red Gravenstein and Ginger Gold. The maximum fruit drop (79.64 and 77.56 percent) observed in the cultivar Scarlet spur and Ginger Gold. The minimum fruit drop 62.57 and 61.16 per cent recorded in Golden Delicious followed by 62.30 and 60.44 per cent in Red Gold. In fruit maturity, the cultivar Golden Delicious took significantly more number of 185 and 183 days after full bloom (DAFB) to reach the harvestable stage. Red Gravenstein took minimum number of days (95 and 96 DAFB) to reach harvestable maturity during both years, respectively.

Pages: 262-270  |  1116 Views  213 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Bilal A Pandit, MS Wani, Shakeel Ahmad, Mumtaz A Ganie, T Rasool, Mir Shabir and Parmeet Singh. Pollen compatibility investigations of exotic apple cultivars under hilly district of north Indian Himalayas. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(2):262-270.

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