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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)

Study on characterization of chickpea varieties

Author(s):

Gnyandev B, MB Kurdikeri and PM Salimath

Abstract:
The field experiment were conducted to Identification and characterization of varieties based on simple distinct seed and seedling morphological characters of different chickpea varieties during rabi season of 2008 at main agricultural Research station, and laboratory of department of Seed Science and Technology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. The study included five chickpea varieties namely A-1, Bheema and BGD-103 (Desi) ICCV-2 and KAK-2 (Kabuli) The five chickpea varieties were categorized based on seed shape, colour and texture. A-1, BGD-103 and Bheema found angular in shaped with brown rough seed coat. While, ICCV-2 and KAK-2 were Owl’s shaped, creamy white smooth surface. Hundred seed weight differed among varieties; BGD-103, Bheema and KAK-2 were heavy while, ICCV-2 and A-1 were medium in seed weight.The hypocotyl colour differed among varieties as pale green with pigment (BGD-103, Bheema and A-1) as creamy without pigmentation (ICCV-2 and KAK-2). Days to flower initiation, 50 per cent flowering, days to pod initiation and pod maturity were early in ICCV-2 and KAK-2 and late in A-1, BGD-103 and Bheema varieties. Pigmentation and pod colour at maturity differed among varieties; ICCV-2 and KAK-2 were without pigmentation and yellowish brown pod colour. Whereas, rest of varieties were having pigmentation on their pods and were brown in pod colour. The number of pods and seed yield per plant were maximum in BGD-103 (52.68 and 13.88 g) respectively followed by Bheema and A-1 and minimum in ICCV-2 (36.46 and 11.74 g, respectively).

Pages: 531-533  |  1233 Views  397 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Gnyandev B, MB Kurdikeri and PM Salimath. Study on characterization of chickpea varieties. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(2):531-533.

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