Nukala Sumanth Kumar, Rohini Srivastava, Prakash M, Murugan S and Anandan R
In planta genetic transformation protocols were standardized for the black gram (Vigna mungo
L.) cv. VBN 3, an important grain legume. A binary vector p Bin AR harbouring cry1AcF
gene isolated from E. coli competent cells was transformed into Agrobacterium strain EHA105 using freeze-thaw method and its presence was confirmed by colony PCR analysis of the selected single colonies for examining the presence of the npt II
genes. The integrity of plasmid was checked by restriction analysis. Agrobacterium tumifaciens
-mediated transformation was performed using strain EHA105 harboring the binary vector p Bin AR carrying cry1AcF
gene under the control of CaMV35s promoter where cry1AcF
as insect resistance gene and npt II
gene as a selectable markers. Antibiotic sensitivity test was conducted with sprouted half-seed and 1-week-old cotyledons with kanamycin at 50 mg/l completely inhibited the shoot formation and explants survival. Genetic transformation experiments were carried out using cotyledonary explants and it was found to be unsuccessful event while regenerating the transformed cotyledons due to its recalcitrance nature. Therefore, Agrobacterium mediated in planta transformation was performed using sprouted half-seed explants of VBN 3. The transformation event consisted of sonicating the explants for 3 minutes and vacuum infiltration (750 mm of Hg) for 2 minutes in Agrobacterium (pBinAR-cry1AcF
) and co-cultivation for 3 days in MS medium with acetosyringone (100µM). The transformed explants forming shoots were selected in MS medium supplemented with kanamycin 50 mg/l. The non-transformed shoots were completely bleached after selection. The presence and integration of npt II
transgenes into the black gram genome was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR analysis in 20 selected putative transformed black gram plantlets did not show amplification for cry1AcF
and npt II
genes. Work is in progress to grow the T0 seeds for molecular characterization of the inserted transgene among T1 plants.
Nukala Sumanth Kumar, Rohini Srivastava, Prakash M, Murugan S and Anandan R. Studies on Agrobacterium mediated in planta genetic transformation in black gram (Vigna mungo L.) cultivar VBN 3. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(2):2079-2086.