• Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 3 (2019)

Evaluation of acaricidal activity of Leaves of Ficus exasperata on dog ticks: Rhipicephalus sanguineus

Author(s):

Taiwo Olaide Oyagbemi, Anofi Ashafa and Johnson Olayide Adejinmi

Abstract:
The research investigated phytochemical constituents of leaves extract of Ficus exasperata (FE) and its acaricidal activity on dog ticks: Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Essential oils of FE were extracted using direct steam distillation (DSD) and tested for their relative toxicity as contact acaricides. In an in-vitro technique for evaluation of efficacy, percentage mortality of larvae of Rhipicephalus sanguineus is 100% at 0.15mg/ml of N-hexane extract and 100% at 0.24mg/ml of methanol extract of FE. Similarly, percentage mortality of the adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus is 100% at 0.15mg/ml of N-hexane extract and 98% at 0.18mg/ml of methanol extract. Lethal dose (LD50) of Ficus exasperata is 0.12. Chromatographic analysis of Fiscus exasperata revealed seven potential essential oil with insecticidal property namely Neophytadiene, Citronellyl propionate, Lavandulyl acetate, Octadecanoic acid methyl ester, Yadanzioside, Tridecanoic acid and Pentanoic acid, 4-methyl- (Methylvaleric acid).

Pages: 1148-1153  |  1285 Views  512 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Taiwo Olaide Oyagbemi, Anofi Ashafa and Johnson Olayide Adejinmi. Evaluation of acaricidal activity of Leaves of Ficus exasperata on dog ticks: Rhipicephalus sanguineus. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(3):1148-1153.

Call for book chapter