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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 3 (2019)

A comprehensive review on phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of Vernonia amygdalina

Author(s):

Divneet Kaur, Navpreet Kaur and Anuja Chopra

Abstract:
Vernonia amygdalina Delile is a small tree with brittle branches, up to 10 m tall and commonly called as bitter leaf due to its bitter taste. It is native of tropical Africa but widely found on riverside and lakes areas, in woodland and grassland up to 2800 m altitude, in areas where the average rainfall is 750-2000 mm. The plant is considered as a medicinal herb and mostly used in traditional medicine system. The principal phytoconstituents of the plant are oxalate, phytates, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, cyanogenic glycosides, alkaloids, terpenes, anthraquinone, steroid, coumarins, lignans, xanthones, edotides and sesquiterpenes and phenol. The plant attributed with anti-cancer, antidiabetic, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory, cathartic, hepatoprotective, antimicrobial, antioxidant, chemo protective and cytotoxic, Analgesic, anthelmintic, Anti-pyretic, hypolipidaemic properties and also used as Hemolytic, Antimutagenic, Anti-leishmanial, Spermatogenic, anti-platelet and abortifacient agent. The plant was traditionally used as appetizer and against the problems like constipation and diarrhoea. It is considered as a treatment for alcohol induced hepatotoxicity.

Pages: 2629-2636  |  3751 Views  2683 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Divneet Kaur, Navpreet Kaur and Anuja Chopra. A comprehensive review on phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of Vernonia amygdalina. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(3):2629-2636.

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