Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 8, Issue 3 (2019)
Economic impact of red gram production technology on farm productivity and income in Western Maharashtra
KY Khairnar, VG Pokharkar, DB Yadav and SA Kadam
Red gram is an important pulse crop in India. Red gram accounts for about 20 per cent of the total production of pulses in the country. The present study attempted to estimate the extent of adoption of improved production technology, impact of the red gram technologies on employment and income pattern, the yield gap and contribution of technology in yield of red gram crop. Total 97 red gram growers from 13 clusters were selected for the study. The result showed that that the recommended land use was adopted by red gram to the extent of 92.78. The adoption level of seed treatment technology was highest (86.60 per cent) followed by preparatory tillage (79.04 per cent) and sowing distance (77.32 per cent) at the overall level.
The employment was increased by 20.90 and 27.16 per cent while the income increased by 14.30 and 22.77 per cent in low to medium and medium to high level of adoption, respectively. The results concluded that the employment and income was increased from low to high adopters. The additional returns of Rs.7093.10 were added in medium adopters as compared to low adopters, while the additional benefits of Rs.12906.90 were added in high over medium adopters. There exists a gap of more than 41.15 per cent between the potential farm yield and actual yield level of red gram.
P fertilizers was positively significant at 1 per cent level of significance while, number of irrigations were positively significant at 5 per cent level of significance. The variables such as human labor was significant at 10 per cent level of significance. On the contrary, N fertilizers were negatively significant at 1 per cent level.
The inter culturing technology contributes 29.95 per cent in yield of red gram production followed by nutrient management (N, P & manures) 24.67 per cent and irrigation management contributes to 22.64 per cent. Therefore, it is recommended that farmers may adopt these technologies at the maximum level to improve the productivity of red gram.
Pages: 3005-3009 | 1194 Views 656 Downloads
KY Khairnar, VG Pokharkar, DB Yadav and SA Kadam. Economic impact of red gram production technology on farm productivity and income in Western Maharashtra. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(3):3005-3009.