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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020)

Genetic diversity of fruits in North East region of India

Author(s):

Kripa Shankar, Sonthat William Haokip, Md. Ramjan, KH Anush Sheikh, Mohd Talha Ansari, Thejangulie Angami and Vikash Kumar

Abstract:
Identification of Natural tetraploid i.e. Bhat Manohar having ABBB Genome reported 1st time globally from North East India. New natural mutant of Musa velutina Intersectional hybrid M. acuminata x M. ornata have been recorded from Indo- china border of Arunachal Pradesh. Northeast India is known for its diverse nature of soil, climate, and topography. This region is rich in diversity of many cultivated(A large number of diversity in other tropical and subtropical fruits belonging to the genera Garcinia, Artocarpus, Phyllanthus, Annona, Averrhoa, Persia, Aegle, Passiflora and Tamarindus etc.) and wild fruits. Several ethnic group such as Khasi, Garo, Monpas, Karbis, Jaintia, Naga, Kuki, Manipuri, Mizo, Chakma, Dufla, Adi, Mishing, Apatani and others are located in the various habits of North –eastern hill region of India habituated to practice “Jhumming” or shifting cultivation. Most of wild fruits are consumed in day to day diet for tribal people of the region and are often disposed of in the local markets and utilized as life sustaining diversified food base and for nutrient security for rural people round the year. These lesser known fruits are rich in minerals like Ca, Fe, P, Mn, organic acid, vitamins and other nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Tribal people used to take lesser known fruits either raw or in the form of beverages, pickles or cooked / boiled with some other diets.

Pages: 207-209  |  1449 Views  453 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Kripa Shankar, Sonthat William Haokip, Md. Ramjan, KH Anush Sheikh, Mohd Talha Ansari, Thejangulie Angami and Vikash Kumar. Genetic diversity of fruits in North East region of India. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(1):207-209.

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