Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020)
A novel approach towards the fruit specific waste minimization and utilization: A review
Tejpal Singh Bisht, Satish Kumar Sharma, Laxmi Rawat, Binayak Chakraborty and Vikas Yadav
India is the key producer of fruits in word. Although, utilization of fruits for processing is hardly 1.8% of the total production unlike developed countries. The various sectors of food processing industries are engaged in the production of different types of processed products and generating various types of wastes. These wastes, weather solid or liquid, if these wastes are not properly manage then it is direct loss of producer and also creates environment pollution problems. The waste utilization of fruit processing industries has become one of the main challengeable aspects in the world as well as in India. The waste materials (plant by-products) are rich in valuable compounds which can be utilized in various industries as novel, low-cost, economical and natural sources of dietary fiber, antioxidants, pectin, enzymes, organic acids, food additives, essential oils etc. through different methods of extractions, purifications and fermentations. Waste product which is thrown into the environment has a very good antimicrobial and antioxidant potentiality. These are novel, natural and economic sources of antimicrobics and antioxidants, which can be used in the prevention of diseases caused by pathogenic microbes. Many of the industrial fruit wastes have been exploited for biogas production to compensate for electricity needs in industrial sectors. The full utilization of horticultural produce is a requirement and a demand that needs to be met by countries wishing to implement low waste technology in their agribusiness. Studies and research to be needed to characterize some of the important bioactive compounds present in the fruits residues and prepare formulations based on such compounds that can be used as health foods. Waste prevention refers to three types of practical actions, i.e., strict avoidance, reduction at source, and product re-use. This review is the collection of previous reports along with current affords in the direction of possibilities of utilization of by-products different fruit processing in industries and to promote the integral exploitation of the by-products rich in bio-active compounds also to highlight the potential applications of some selected fruit by-products which are generated in fruit processing.
Pages: 712-722 | 1996 Views 1272 Downloads
Tejpal Singh Bisht, Satish Kumar Sharma, Laxmi Rawat, Binayak Chakraborty and Vikas Yadav. A novel approach towards the fruit specific waste minimization and utilization: A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(1):712-722.