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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020)

An unexplored story of successful green revolution of India and steps towards ever green revolution

Author(s):

Prajjwal Singh Somvanshi, T Pandiaraj and Ravi Pratap Singh

Abstract:
Pre green revolution period, India had suffered with great famine, malnutrition, under-nourishment and poverty. So, India forcibly introduced green revolution programme comprised of high yielding variety of seeds and increased use of fertilizer and irrigation methods to achieve higher food production. Due to this, India has achieved self sufficiency in food grain production. India has jumped food grain production with able to produce 131 mt in 1978-79 and 281 mt in 2017-18 from 50 mt in 1950’s. However, recent facts screening many problems are arising due to continuous use of HYV and chemical fertilizers with the impact of green revolution. Genetic erosion of our traditional cultivars (in wheat, rice, sorghum, minor millets), loss of soil fertility, erosion of soil, soil toxicity, diminishing water resources, pollution of underground water & salinity of underground water are some of the negative impacts over green revolution. Hence, another holistic revolutionary in agriculture needs to be introduced as second green revolution with inclusion of food nutritional security programme, nature loving farming practices, diversified cropping systems, mixed farming systems with high remuneration, water saving cultivars in dry land, resistant crops against various biotic and abiotic stresses and bio-fortified crops.

Pages: 1270-1273  |  2680 Views  1897 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Prajjwal Singh Somvanshi, T Pandiaraj and Ravi Pratap Singh. An unexplored story of successful green revolution of India and steps towards ever green revolution. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(1):1270-1273.

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