Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020)
Breeding for oil quality improvement in Brassica
Viraj Rathod and Solanki HV
Rapeseed-mustard is the third most important source of vegetable oil in the world and is grown in more than 50 countries across the globe. Mustard oil contains high amount of mono-unsaturated fatty acids, a good ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids, relatively high level of oleic acid and the favorable balance between linolenic and linoleic acids. High erucic acid in oils and glucosinolate in seed meal is an anti-nutritional factor. Canola oil is a useful vegetable oil used in a range of cooking with <2% erucic acid and glucosinolates <30 µ moles/gm. Erucic acid is significantly and positively correlated with glucosinolate content, while both are significantly and negatively correlated with oleic and linoleic acid. Erucic acid can be reduced with increase in other fatty acids. Back cross method is most widely used for quality improvement in this crop. Inter-specific methodology was also successful for the enhancement of yield and seed quality in the development of B. juncea
Pages: 1532-1540 | 1535 Views 1134 Downloads
Viraj Rathod and Solanki HV. Breeding for oil quality improvement in Brassica. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(1):1532-1540.