Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Issue 2 (2020)
Global effects of food waste
Rohini C, Geetha PS, Vijayalakshmi R, Mini ML and Pasupathi E
A reduction in the loss and waste of human food is a global issue for poverty and hunger nations, and to reducing the agricultural area and water content. The food wasted by humans and it is mainly affecting to the wildlife ecology and behavior and community dynamics. The causes of food waste occur at the stages of producing, processing, retailing and consuming. Also, some other causes include lack of appropriate planning. The food waste causes some diseases and also pollution to the environment. In low-income countries, most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries 100 kg per person per year food is wasted at the consumption stage. Reasons for food waste include high quality standards, insufficient purchase planning, buying too much and cooking too much. Effects of global food waste include biodiversity loss, 250 Km3
of water, 30% of worlds agricultural area can be wasted and the main effects of global food waste is global warming and greenhouse gas emission. The food waste to produce some positive effects includes biogas production and negative effects include hungry and food insecurity. In food industry to prepare more innovative products by using food waste materials. The wasted food can be converted into value added products and to increasing the nutritional value and to reducing the malnutrition percentage at global level. A solution for reducing the food waste includes prevention, optimization, recycling, recovery and disposal. The central and state governments to establish schemes and mobile apps to reduce food waste.
Pages: 690-699 | 5154 Views 2467 Downloads
Rohini C, Geetha PS, Vijayalakshmi R, Mini ML and Pasupathi E. Global effects of food waste. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(2):690-699.