A field experiment was conducted during Kharif
seasons of 2017 and 2018 at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh to evaluate the performance of three crop establishment systems viz
. Puddled transplanted, Direct drill seeding on flat bed, Direct seeding on raised bed-FIRB (furrow irrigated raised bed) and five stress tolerant rice varieties (STRVs) viz
. DRR42, DRR44, Sukha dhan5, Sukha dhan 6, Sarjoo52 under rainfed stress-prone environment of eastern India. Result revealed that crop establishment methods and STRVs have significant effect on yield. Direct seeding on raised bed recorded significantly higher yield over the conventional method of crop establishment, however was found at par with direct drill seeding on flat. Among all tested STRVs, DRR 44 and DRR 42 produced significantly higher yield over other varieties. Higher net return and B: C was recorded in Direct seeding on raised bed
followed by direct drill seeding on flat
Among tested varieties higher net return and B: C was produced in DRR 44 followed by DRR42, Sarjoo 52, Sukha Dhan 6 and Sukha Dhan 5.
It can be concluded that establishment of rice by direct seeding on raised bed/direct drill seeding on flat with stress tolerant rice varieties DRR 44/DRR42 should be practiced for higher yield and net return under rainfed stress-prone environment of eastern Uttar Pradesh.