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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Issue 3 (2020)

Association of gastritis and peptic ulcers with Helicobacter pylori and their symptoms and cure

Author(s):

Varsha and Girish Chandra Pandey

Abstract:
Gastritis is the inflammation in the gastric mucosa of stomach and untreated gastritis developed into ulcers. Main cause of Gastritis and peptic ulcers are Helicobacter pylori bacterium and others cause like stress, smoking and diet. Helicobacter pylori are a micro aerophilic and gram negative bacteria found in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Helicobacter pylori produce urease enzyme, urease use urea as a substrate and convert urea into ammonia and bicarbonate ions, these are basic in nature and protect bacteria from acid produce in the stomach. Gastritis is identified by greater number of uninuclear cells, predominantly lymphocytes, plasma cells and macrophages. For diagnosis various test are used like urea breath test, stool antigen test, serology etc. For treatments various antibiotics like Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin are used. In some countries dual, triple and quadruple therapies are used.

Pages: 517-525  |  821 Views  236 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Varsha and Girish Chandra Pandey. Association of gastritis and peptic ulcers with Helicobacter pylori and their symptoms and cure. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(3):517-525.

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