• Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Issue 3 (2020)

Developmental response of Spodoptera exigua (Noctuidae: lepidoptera) on chickpea under elevated co2 and constant temperatures based on two - sex life table

Author(s):

Divya Bharathi T, Srinivasa Rao M and Krishnayya PV

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to examine the direct effects of two different CO2 concentrations (380 ppm and 550 ppm) on the life table parameters of Spodoptera exigua at six temperatures (20, 25, 27, 30, 33 and 35 °C) fed on chickpea foliage. The life history and fitness of S. exigua was analyzed using two-sex life table. Our results showed significantly the development time (days) of S. exigua (egg to adult) declined with increase in temperature and was more evident under elevated CO2 conditions. Additionally, the fecundity of S. exigua was lower under elevated CO2 than ambient CO2 conditions across the temperatures. Finite (l) and intrinsic rates of increase (rm), net reproductive rate (Ro), gross reproductive rate (GRR), mean generation time (T) and doubling time (DT) of S. exigua varied significantly with temperature and CO2 and were found to have quadratic relationships with temperature. The reduction of ‘T’ was noticed from a maximum of 49.52 days at 20 °C to minimum of 20.20 days at 35 °C under elevated CO2 conditions. According to population projections, a much smaller total population size would be expected in an elevated CO2 atmosphere due to lower fecundity and higher mortality compared with ambient CO2 conditions.

Pages: 899-904  |  669 Views  247 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Divya Bharathi T, Srinivasa Rao M and Krishnayya PV. Developmental response of Spodoptera exigua (Noctuidae: lepidoptera) on chickpea under elevated co2 and constant temperatures based on two - sex life table. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(3):899-904.

Important Publications Links
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Pharmacognosy

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Call for book chapter