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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Issue 4 (2020)

Heterosis breeding in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.): A review

Author(s):

K Mallikarjunarao, Meenakshi Badu, Hari Ram Kumar Bandi and Barsha Tripathy

Abstract:
Bitter gourd (syn. Bitter cucumber; Momordica charantia L.) is an important Cucurbitaceae vegetable crop. Bitter gourd particularly originated from the Indo Burma region. Bitter gourd fruits and seeds are eaten together at an immature stage, and both have medicinal properties. Poor genetic potential of improved varieties, poor crop management, lack of good quality seeds, and high yielding early hybrids, biotic and abiotic stresses are maximum constraints to bitter gourd productivity. Heterosis has been widely studied and used by plant breeders to improve yield rates in bitter gourd (cross-pollinated crop). The degree to which hybrid vigour can be manipulated depends on the path and magnitude of heterosis and biological utility. Hence, for varied characters, a significant degree of heterosis has been reported in bitter gourd reviewed here.

Pages: 308-313  |  1454 Views  634 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
K Mallikarjunarao, Meenakshi Badu, Hari Ram Kumar Bandi and Barsha Tripathy. Heterosis breeding in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.): A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(4):308-313.

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