Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 10, Issue 1 (2021)
Hypotension: A comprehensive review
Rasika Dnyandeo Bhalke, Mahendra Ashok Giri, Rasal Yash Anil, Narhe Mansi Balasaheb, Parjane Abhishek Nanasaheb and Vishal Vijay Pande
Hypotension is a decrease in systemic blood pressure below accepted low values. While there is not an accepted standard hypotensive value, pressures less than 90/60 are recognized as hypotensive. Hypotension is a relatively benign condition that is under-recognized mainly because it is typically asymptomatic. It only becomes a concern once pumping pressure is not sufficient to perfuse key organs with oxygenated blood. This leads to symptoms impacting the quality of life of a patient. Hypotension is classified based on the biometric parameters of the blood pressure measurement. It may be absolute with changes in systolic blood pressure to less than 90 mm Hg or mean arterial pressure of less than 65 mm Hg. It may be relative to a decrease in diastolic blood pressure to less than 40 mm Hg. It may be orthostatic with a decrease in systolic pressure or 20 mm Hg or greater or a decrease in diastolic pressure of 10 mm Hg or greater on positional change from lying to standing. It may be profound which is defined as being medication-dependent. In acute conditions, the hypotensive shock is a possible and life-threatening condition.
Pages: 1945-1947 | 1138 Views 483 Downloads
Rasika Dnyandeo Bhalke, Mahendra Ashok Giri, Rasal Yash Anil, Narhe Mansi Balasaheb, Parjane Abhishek Nanasaheb and Vishal Vijay Pande. Hypotension: A comprehensive review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2021;10(1):1945-1947.