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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 10, Issue 1 (2021)

Herbicides combinations for sustainable weed management on complex weed flora in dry and irrigated direct seeded rice: A review

Author(s):

Lalit Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Mohd Shah Alam and Akshay Ujjwal

Abstract:
The weed-rice ecological relationship is very complex and dynamic. Weed distribution and successions are always affected by management and environmental factors. Weed spectrum and degree of infestation in rice field are often determined by rice ecosystems and establishment methods. Due to high weed pressure, weed management in direct seeded rice has been a major issue for the researchers and farmers as well. Integrated weed management approach based on critical period of crop weed competition, involving different direct and indirect control measures, has been developed and widely adopted by farmers to overcome weed problem in direct seeded rice in a sustainable way. Weed control methods must be sought that are friendlier to the environment and substantially reduce the cost of weed management to farmers. Weed competitive and allelopathic rice varieties, seed priming for increased weed competitiveness, higher seeding density should be considered as a management strategy. In order to devise a sustainable weed management strategy for dry and irrigated dry seeded rice, detailed studies need to be done on the biology and ecology of notorious rice weeds, particularly Oryza sativa L. (weedy rice), Echinochloa spp., Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees, Limnocharis flava (L.) Buch. Commelina benghalensis, Ipomoea aquatic, Cyperus iria and Fimbristylis miliacea. This review paper describes different approaches, including preventive, cultural approaches, mechanical approach and biological approach to manage weeds in dry seeded rice as well as irrigated DSR culture systems.

Pages: 2539-2544  |  940 Views  422 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Lalit Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Mohd Shah Alam and Akshay Ujjwal. Herbicides combinations for sustainable weed management on complex weed flora in dry and irrigated direct seeded rice: A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2021;10(1):2539-2544.

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