Akouavi Carine Chimene Adoho, Fréjus TA Zinsou, Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade, Erick Virgile Bertrand Azando, Mawule Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote and Armand Bienvenu Gbangboche
The objective of this study is to synthesize knowledge on the pharmacological properties, phytochemistry and toxicity of Eleusine indica
. To achieve this, specific keywords were used to explore scientific databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar and Researchgate. The scientific data collected show that Eleusine indica
has antidiabetic, antimalarial, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-trypanosomal, antihelmintic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiurolithiasic, antiviral, phytoremediating, hepatoprotective and phytoremediating properties. These pharmacological properties are associated with a richness of the herb in secondary metabolites. It has been reported, the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, anthraquinones, saponins, cardiac glycosides and anthracene glycosides in several extracts of the plant. In addition, schaftoside (C-glycosyl-6-C-arabinosyl-8 apigenin) and vitexin (apigenin-8-C-glucoside) were isolated from aerial parts. Toxicologically, an absence of toxicity was noted. All this makes Eleusine indica
, a plant with an interesting pharmacological potential, which should be valorized by further work and the development of phytodrugs.