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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 10, Issue 5 (2021)

Assessment of genetic variability & some biochemical traits in Sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) genotypes

Author(s):

Chhunu Kant, SP Mishra, Neeta Mani and Navin Kumar

Abstract:

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L) is the most cultivated oil crop in India. It has great diversity across the Indian biota. The existing variability would be utilized for the commercial purpose of sesame. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the morphological characterization and variability available in the sesame genotypes available in M.P. Ten sesame genotypes were grown during Kharif 2018 at M.G.C.G.V.V. Chitrakoot, Satna (M.P). The estimation of genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation along with heritability and genetic advance. Ten morphological traits were recorded for ten genotypes. High PCV and GCV are recorded for the trait No. of capsules / plant. High heritability and genetic advance was observed for the character Days to 50 % flowering. The traits with high heritability and high genetic advance as percent of mean are governed by the additive gene action where simple selection is effective for breeding programmes. capsules per plant had highest direct effect on seed yield per plant and Seeds per capsules had highest indirect effect via capsules per plant on seed yield per plant for number of capsules per plant, number of branches per plant, capsule length, number of seeds per capsule, capsule weight and test weight these traits should be given top priority during selection breeding and high indicating that some of characters affecting seed yield has to be included in the future study.

Pages: 252-256  |  420 Views  199 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Chhunu Kant, SP Mishra, Neeta Mani and Navin Kumar. Assessment of genetic variability & some biochemical traits in Sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) genotypes. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2021;10(5):252-256.

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