Dixit Renu, Siva Sahithi U and Reddy KV Vijaya Bhaskara
The description of Nerium oleander Linn. (Karavīra) is found from the Vedas, which are the oldest available literature in India to the latest Nighantus and recent researches. The flower of Karavīra has high spiritual significance and people also believe that it eliminates all bad elements of the body and provides good health. Caraka included Karavīra under Kuṣṭaghna mahākaṣāya, Susruta mentioned it as Dāhaśamanārtha and also included under Laksadi Gana. Though Karavīra is mentioned under Upavisa, after proper sodhana it is said to have best actions against Kusta, Kandu etc. Usage of Leaves of Karavīra is mentioned in many diseases like Kikkisa, Kusta etc. The present paper highlights the differences that are observed between leaves of Karavīra belonging to two different geographical regions i.e., Jāñgala Desa and Ānūpa Desa. There was noted difference in the leaves of both desa Karavīras. This was adaptation to the environmental condition of the particular region. This is mentioned in detail further.
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