Niraj Giri Goswami, Manju Koli, Anil Singh and Deepak Giri
Urtica dioica is a perennial plant which grows on distributed sites, in garden or in the forests. The herb has a very large history of medicinal usage. The subtropical and tropical regions were the area in which the stinging nettle was most applied as a remedy for curing a variety of diseases. A variety of chemicals such as agglutinins, carotenoids, flavonoids, lignans, terpenoids and phenolic compounds were isolated from the herb. The active ingredients and metabolite extracted from the plant are found to have a variety of pharmacological action. It is a clear estimation that the future is showing interest in the use of natural products and therapies. Many studies showed that the plant and its active constituents possess several pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic and anti-oxidative activities. A comprehensive analysis is needed to provide more information and facts about this undervalued herb. This review will provide detailed information on Urtica dioica plant and its various pharmacological uses. This review also consists of collection of various case studies conducted in different parts of the world which can be beneficial for the scientists working on this plant. This review provides detailed data of chemical ingredients and their pharmacological actions which could bring new drug with a lot more potential.
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