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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 11, Issue 3 (2022)

Phytochemical analysis & antimicrobial activity of the leaves of Ocimum sanctum

Author(s):

Ashish Rai, Anurag Singh and Amit Sharma

Abstract:

Ocimum sanctum are known as basil or Tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family of Lamiaceae. Some of the phytochemical constituent of Tulsi are oleanolic acid, eugenol, carvacrol, linalool, β  caryophyllene (About 8%). Tulsi essential oil consist mostly of eugenol (70%) β  elemene (11.0%) β  caryophyllene (8%) and germacrene (2%) with the balance being made up of various trace compound, mostly terpenes. Phytochemical are compound made by plant that have antioxidant or hormone like actions. Tulsi contains phenols, tannins, flavonoids, Glycosides, Steroids, carbohydrates, Aminoacid, Saponin, fixed oil and resins has been used medicinally for thousands of years. Tulsi has been used in Ayurvedic medicine as an adaptogenic herb to improve the body’s ability to cope with stress and disease. The herb has been used to treat respiratory ailments, stomach problem, heart disease and even also showing antimicrobial properties. An attempt was made to analyse the antimicrobial activity of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract against bacterial strain viz. Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeroginosa. Antimicrobial study was carried out by liquid inhibition test method against the bacteria by using methanolic extract of Ocimum sanctum.

Pages: 174-176  |  985 Views  454 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Ashish Rai, Anurag Singh and Amit Sharma. Phytochemical analysis & antimicrobial activity of the leaves of Ocimum sanctum. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2022;11(3):174-176.

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