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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 11, Issue 4 (2022)

In vitro activities of the methanolic extracts and fractions of Bridelia ferruginea Benth on clinical isolates of multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria

Author(s):

Dada-Adegbola HO and Moody JO

Abstract:

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance is of major public health concern. There is paucity of data on antimicrobial activity of the fractions and sub-fractions of methanol extract of the stem bark of Bridelia ferruginea Benth, Phyllanthaceae on multi-drug-resistant Gram negative bacteria. We explored their susceptibility to fractions of this plant extracts.

Method: Methanolic extract and N-hexane, Dichloro-methane (DCM) and Ethyl acetate (EtoAc) fractions of the dried stem bark of Bridelia ferruginea, were tested against twenty multi-drug-resistant GNB clinical isolates using Agar diffusion and Broth-dilution methods.

Results: The zone of inhibition of extracts ranged between 0-22mm, comparable to 0-28mm observed for Imipenem and Ciprofloxacin. The EtoAc fraction exhibited the highest antimicrobial activities against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanni and others.

Conclusion: Most of the antimicrobial activities of Bridelia ferruginea Benth reside in the ethyl-acetate fraction and further study to isolate the active compound(s) is advocated and desired for development of new drugs against MDR.

Pages: 01-09  |  578 Views  224 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Dada-Adegbola HO and Moody JO. In vitro activities of the methanolic extracts and fractions of Bridelia ferruginea Benth on clinical isolates of multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2022;11(4):01-09. DOI: 10.22271/phyto.2022.v11.i4a.14437

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