Harikanth Porika and Suchithra M
Jamun (Syzygium cumini) commonly known as Indian blackberry is an important fruit of Indian sub-continent and belongs to Myrtaceae family. Jamun has been proved to be a boon to human kind since time immemorial. Every part of the Jamun tree has high medicinal value, right from its fruit to its seed and bark to the leaves. It is an important fruit crop of Indian subcontinent, under-exploited and widely grown successfully due to its wider adaptability and nutraceutical properties. Fruits contain various types of antioxidants, flavonoids, phenolics, carotenoids and vitamins, which are all beneficial to human health. Jamun has also anti-diabetic, anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial and anti-hyper lipidemic properties. Fruits of Indian black berry are effectively in blood purifying. Seeds are effectively in anti-diabetic and leaves are effectively in strengthing the teeth. Jamun fruit is rich in antioxidants which can boost immune system, aid in digestion, relieve stomach pain, reduce flatulence and prevent infections. Jamun has astringent properties and keeps skin healthy. They are also used in nutrition, herbal medicine and cosmetics. The present review has been made to access several bioactive compounds and health benefits of Jamun.
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