Reginald C Ohiri, Iheanyi Wopara and Stephen I Akpotayire
The nutraceuticals in fruits and vegetables are among the major contributors of their therapeutic relevance to humans. This study evaluates the relevance of nutraceuticals obtained from the GC-MS analyses of dichloromethane extracts of unripe matured fruits of Musa paradisiaca, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Methodology: Unripe matured fruits of M. paradisiaca, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana harvested from their natural habitat and identified at the Plant Science Department of the University of Port Harcourt were separately washed and the epicarp were removed. The sliced mesocarp were dried and ground into fine powder. Ten grams each of the ground samples was weighed into different well stoppered bottle and 40 mls of dichloromethane was added. Each mixture was vigorously agitated and allowed to stand for 96 hours. The crude extracts collected by filtering was purified and concentrated to 2.0 ml for GC-MS analysis.
Result: Results shows 97, 83, and 52 nutraceutical components in M. paradisiaca, M. acuminate and M. balbisiana respectively, with 1,4-Cyclohexadiene,1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-, α-Pinene and Glycerin as highest nutraceutical components with percentage concentrations of 18.379, 11.874 and 17.889 respectively.
Conclusion: The numerous therapeutic potentials of predominant nutraceuticals in these Musa species are of prominent in the development of broad-spectrum pharmaceuticals formulations for advancement of human wellbeing.
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