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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 12, Issue 2 (2023)

The characterization of the simplies and ethanol extracts of limpasu leaf and fruit (Baccaurea lanceolata (Miq.) Müll. Arg.)

Author(s):

Mely Kurnia Febriyanti, Supomo, Henny Nurhasnawati and Noorcahyati

Abstract:

Baccaurea lanceolata is forestry plantation known as spleen which is used by the Bakumpai Dayak Tribe as a diabetes herb and spleen fruit is used as a mixture of cold powder which is reputed to moisturizer facial skin. There are potential part of spleen plantation potentionally to be developed into herb. There are potential part of spleen plant plantation potentionally to be developed into herb. The study targeted to identified the characterization of simplicia and the ethanol extract of spleen leaves and fruits (Baccaurea lanceolata). Maceration method implimentated at extracted Simplicia completed 70% solvent. Specific characteristics grouping spleen organoleptically of simplicia and leaf, fruit extracts of the have. The shape and arrangement distinctifally macroscopically look and leaf simplicia found specific identifier fragments at microscopically look. The specific parameter test was held for water-soluble extract and ethanol-soluble extract and identified 3.27% for leaf simplicia; 3.07%, leaf extract 7.77%; 24%, fruit simplicia 9.18%; 14.2%; and fruit extract 25%; 45%. Phytochemical screening test identified specifically simplicia and leaf extracts containing alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids and tannins. Non-specific parameter test identified water content, ash content and acid insoluble ash content on leaf simplicia 15%;0.26%; 0.20%, 18% leaf extract; 0.16%; 0.14%, fruit simplicia 5.67%; 0.14%; 0.18%, fruit extract 9%; 0.16%; 0.17%. 
The specific test of gravity identified leaf extract were 0.98 g/ml and fruit extracts 0.99 g/ml. 
The test of microbial contamination using the total plate count (ALT) and mold/yeast count (AKK) method on leaf simplicia 1.6 × 10-2 colonies/g; 5.5 × 10-2 colonies/g, leaf extract 10 × 10-3 colonies/g; 3 × 10-3 colonies/g, fruit simplicia 6.1 × 10-2 colonies/g; 2.8 × 10-2 colonies/g, and fruit extract 6.9 × 10-2 colonies/g; 0 colonies/g.
 

Pages: 131-137  |  412 Views  214 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Mely Kurnia Febriyanti, Supomo, Henny Nurhasnawati and Noorcahyati. The characterization of the simplies and ethanol extracts of limpasu leaf and fruit (Baccaurea lanceolata (Miq.) Müll. Arg.). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2023;12(2):131-137.

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