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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 12, Issue 3 (2023)

Standardization of Sphagneticola calendulacea (L.) Pruski. Stem

Author(s):

Khandekar Ritesh and Bindu Gopalkrishnan

Abstract:

Sphagneticola calendulacea (L.) Pruski. (Family: Asteraceae) is a perennial, spreading hairy herb. It is been commonly known as Creeping Daisy, Bhringaraja, etc. The plant is been used for the treatment of various diseases like sore throat, coughs, inflammations and elephantiasis. Plant decoction is recommended for uterine haemorrhage and menorrhagia. The plant extract is also used in alopecia and dyeing grey hair. For standardization of S. calendulacea, the stem was studied for Pharmacognosy. The various parameters involved in Pharmacognostic studies are macroscopy, microscopy, histochemistry and powder study. Along with these the physicochemical, fluorescence and phytochemical analysis were carried out. The powder study revealed the presence of tannin filled cells, starch grains, calcium oxalate crystals, oil globules and different types of trichomes. These results go concurrent with microscopy of stem. The physicochemical parameters also showed significant results. The phytochemical and histochemical analysis showed the presence of secondary metabolites like flavonoids, saponins, anthraquinone glycosides, etc. Thus, the scientific data generated will be useful in authenticating the said plant part.

Pages: 111-115  |  595 Views  244 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Khandekar Ritesh and Bindu Gopalkrishnan. Standardization of Sphagneticola calendulacea (L.) Pruski. Stem. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2023;12(3):111-115. DOI: 10.22271/phyto.2023.v12.i3b.14671

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