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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 13, Issue 1 (2024)

A concise review on pharmacological applications of potent Unani drug: Mesua ferrea L. (Nagkesar)

Author(s):

Reesha Ahmed, Mohd. Wasim Ahmed, Asma Sattar Khan, Pawan Kumar Sagar and Shoeb Ahmed Ansari

Abstract:

Unani is a traditional system of medicine developed during the medieval period, which employs natural drugs composed of herbal, animal and mineral origin for curing human health. Fundamentally, it is based on the humoral theory postulated by Hippocrates, according to him the state of body health and disease are regulated by qualitative and quantitative equilibrium of four humours including blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Mesua ferrea L. belonging to Calophyllaceae family and is considered the genuine "Nagkeshara' as vernacular name. Mesua ferrea L. is commonly known as Nagkesar and Ceylon ironwood in English and Cobra’s Saffron. The phytochemical screening confirms the presence of phenyl coumarins, xanthones, triterpenoids and fats as well as flavonoids as main bioactive constituents. It is possessed anti-oxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity, analgesics activity, anti-venom activity, antispasmodic activity, hepatoprotective activity, antimicrobial activity, anthelmintic, expectorant and anti-allergic. Traditionally this plant is widely used for curing many ailments in India. This review highlights the general description, phytochemical studies, pharmacological activity as well as traditional uses of Mesua ferrea in current scenario.

Pages: 412-416  |  151 Views  63 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Reesha Ahmed, Mohd. Wasim Ahmed, Asma Sattar Khan, Pawan Kumar Sagar and Shoeb Ahmed Ansari. A concise review on pharmacological applications of potent Unani drug: Mesua ferrea L. (Nagkesar). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2024;13(1):412-416. DOI: 10.22271/phyto.2024.v13.i1e.14860

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