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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 13, Issue 2 (2024)

Integrating morphology, anatomy, and preliminary phytochemistry for distinguishing Cuscuta reflexa and Ziziphus jujuba

Author(s):

Ankita Pallewar, Sakshi Tidke, Yogesh Urdukhe and Umesh Mogle

Abstract:

Accurately distinguishing parasitic plants from their hosts remains a challenge due to potential morphological convergence. This study tackles this by employing a multifaceted approach integrating morpho-anatomical features and preliminary phytochemical analysis for the precise differentiation of Cuscuta reflexa, a parasitic climber, and its host Ziziphus jujuba. A comparative analysis of vegetative and reproductive morphology revealed stark differences, including the complete absence of stems in C. reflexa contrasting with the well-developed woody stems of Z. jujuba. Leaf shape, venation patterns, and floral structures further supported their distinction. Light microscopy investigations of stem and leaf tissues delineated variations in tissue organization, vascular bundle arrangement, and the presence/absence of trichomes. Furthermore, a comprehensive preliminary phytochemical screening yielded contrasting profiles, highlighting the presence of specific secondary metabolites unique to each species. This combined approach effectively differentiated the parasite from its host, providing valuable insights for accurate plant identification in various fields like taxonomy, ethnobotany, and ecological studies of parasitic interactions. The identified distinguishing features contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of host-parasite relationships.

Pages: 229-232  |  323 Views  140 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Ankita Pallewar, Sakshi Tidke, Yogesh Urdukhe and Umesh Mogle. Integrating morphology, anatomy, and preliminary phytochemistry for distinguishing Cuscuta reflexa and Ziziphus jujuba. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2024;13(2):229-232. DOI: 10.22271/phyto.2024.v13.i2c.14883

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