Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2014)
Phytochemical & Antioxidant activity of underutilized legume Vicia faba seeds and formulation of its fortified biscuits
Author(s): Vani Pasricha, Gouri Satpathy, Rajinder K Gupta
Abstract: The dried seeds of broad beans (Vicia faba L.) were investigated for different characteristics such as phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity to understand its health benefits. A thorough characterization of secondary metabolites including crude alkaloids, saponins, total flavonoids and total phenolics content was carried out. Antioxidant activities were also evaluated for the dried seeds through ABTS scavenging activity and FRAP method. Dried Vicia faba L (faba)seeds showed good phenolics content and an excellent antioxidant activity. The extract did not show antimicrobial activity against all the three gram positive and one gram negative test bacterial pathogens. GC/MS analysis showed the presence of α-tocopherol, phytol, phytosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol and fatty acids, which have different therapeutic uses. faba fortified biscuits were formulated to study the nutritional profile. Nutritional analysis of the biscuits demonstrated the potential of faba seeds as an alternate source of energy, good source of protein and dietary fibers and minerals like Phosphorus, Calcium, Magnesium and Iron followed by the other nutrients. This study demonstrates that broad beans have an excellent potential to be employed as a nutraceutical, providing high nutritional value and remarkable health promoting factors.
GC-MS chromatogram of Vicia faba extract.
How to cite this article:
Vani Pasricha, Gouri Satpathy, Rajinder K Gupta. Phytochemical & Antioxidant activity of underutilized legume Vicia faba seeds and formulation of its fortified biscuits. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2014;3(2):75-80.